The following companies are involved in the production of column cranes in the Russian Federation: the Open Joint Stock Company (OJSC) “Nyazepetrovsky Crane Building Plant,” OJSC “Rzhevsky Crane Building Plant,” OJSC “Ukhtinsky Mechanical Plant,” OJSC “Baltcrane,” OJSC “Karacharovsky Mechanical Plant.”
From 2005-2007, the volume of production increased in physical terms by 1.9 times. In 2007, the largest share of the overall Russian production – 49.9% - was made up by the products of the OJSC “Nyazepetrovsky Crane Building Plant.”
Production of Column Cranes in the RF from 2005-2007
Source: Research Company Abercade
Market Research: Analysis of Column Cranes Market from 2005-2007õ
From 2005-2007, import of column cranes into the RF increased in physical terms by 4.3 times.
So far, the leading role in import of column cranes has been played by Liebherr and Potain (their aggregate share in imported products in 2007 was 52.3% in physical terms). However, they have encountered serious competition with the Chinese suppliers whose share in import (in physical terms) increased from 11.5% in 2005 to 27.0% in 2007.
Group of Companies Liebherr was founded in 1949 as a family facility. Structurally decentralized Group of Companies Liebherr includes companies of manageable sizes involved in independent businesses. The Group of Companies Liebherr has a Holding Company Liebherr-International AG located in Bule (Switzerland) which is owned fully by the Liebherr family. Liebherr Group’s technologies are positioned strongly in the construction market. The program on construction machines covers all serial models of column cranes, self-moving hoisting cranes, hydraulically driven excavators, tipper trucks, hydraulically driven cranes, wheel loaders, tractor-mounted dozers, track loaders, pipe-laying machines, concrete mixing plants and mixer trucks.
The program on Liebherr construction cranes is characterized by unique diversity. In includes cranes of all versions and standard sizes designed for operations in any applications, such as:
– self-climbing cranes with boom for the operation in space-limited environment;
– with “broken” boom for the construction of cooling and TV towers;
– with folding jib – as concrete placing machine;
– with telescopic jib for the operation underneath domes or projecting parts of structures with obstacles in the crane operation area;
– on foundations, adjustable jacks, rails, air castor or caterpillar mounting, and changeable running equipment.
The design of Liebherr cranes is based on aggregate concept. The basic product may be manufactured and complete with component parts to obtain multiple versions capable to handle any tasks in assigned conditions. This results in savings and reduced costs of construction companies. In addition, crane fleet can be decreased.
Concern Potain was founded in France in 1928. Since the date of its inception, Potain has become a world leader in the production of construction equipment. Today, its products are popular allover the world. At present, its lineup includes over 60 models of construction equipment manufactured at the plants located in France, Germany, Italy, Portugal and China.
Potain has three series of column cranes: portable “rapidly mounted cranes” with the capacity ranging from 1.0 t to 7.98 t; full-size “top-revolving cranes” with the capacity ranging from 7.98 t to 64 t; and, unique cranes for special purposes capable to lift cargo up to 160 t.
Company Jaso was founded in 1975 in Idiazabal (Spain). Since the date of its establishment, Company Jaso has produced over 6000 column cranes. As of today, the company is making about 800 column cranes per year and has gained an extensive experience in supplies of hoisting construction equipment to international markets. Over 50% of its products are exported to foreign countries.
Plant “FMGru S.r.l.” was established in 1920 as a family company in the Northern part of Italy – in the largest industrial region of the country.
The Italian plant Carlo Raimondi is manufacturing a wide range of column cranes, from rapidly mounted to high-rise column cranes with the capacity up to 14 tons, column height – up to 150 m and boom reach - 80 m.
Corporation Terex manufactures and sells products under over 50 brands, including a broad line of machines and equipment for road construction, mining, oil, transport and processing industries as well as municipal services.
Almost the overall export of column cranes falls on Kazakhstan and Ukraine. Kazakhstan is the major region for selling column cranes, and in 2007 it imported 69.2% of the total volume of the Russian export. The share of products exported to Ukraine was only 26.9% of.
Almost the entire export volume – 78.9% in physical terms and 88.1% in monetary terms – is attributed to the Nyazepetrovsky Crane Building Plant (its share makes up 55.8% and 61.5%, respectively, in physical and monetary terms) and the Rzhevsky Crane Building Plant (with its shares 23.1% and 26.6% in physical and monetary terms, respectively).
Market Development Forecast
The market of column cranes can be divided into three sectors. First, imported equipment of the European plants, primarily Liebherr and Potain. The second sector includes Russian manufacturers, the major of them are Rzhevsky Crane Building Plant and the Nyazepetrovsky Crane Building Plant. The third sector consists of column cranes made by the Chinese producers.
The Russian fleet of column cranes at the beginning of 2006 contained 11.9% foreign machines and in 2007 – already 14.2%. All other equipment is morally and physically obsolete equipment produced in many cases under the Soviet era. As of early 2006, the share of machines with expired service life was 74.0% and by the beginning of 2007 – 69.0%. The fleet renewal is based on the growing import of foreign machines. The capacities of Russian manufacturers cannot meet the increasing deficiency of machines – in 2007 the volume of Russian production (including export) satisfied only 38.4% of the market requirements. Import of column cranes is also increasing at high rates (by 3.7 times). To meet the growing demand, the domestic producers have to increase output at least by 2.3 times.
Materials are based on the studies performed by Research Company Abercade